If you or a loved one are struggling with an uncomfortable or embarrassing urinary problem, there is
hope—and there’s no need to be embarrassed. Urinary conditions are more common than you may think.
How to treat 5 common urine conditions
Here are some of the more common problems of the urinary system and how to treat them:
A bladder infection is a type of urinary infection that occurs when bacteria get into the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body) then move into the bladder. It is often caused by frequent sexual intercourse and not urinating immediately afterward.
Treatment: If you believe you have a bladder infection, schedule an appointment with your doctor or visit a local urgent care facility. They will most likely prescribe antibiotics and recommend drinking plenty of water and cranberry juice, as well as urinating frequently to flush out the infection.
Enlarged prostate (in men)
Prostate enlargement occurs in 90 percent of men over age 80, though some enlargement is present in many men over age 40. Age-associated prostate gland enlargement typically causes urination difficulties, like a weak or slow urinary stream.
Treatment: The most common treatments for an enlarged prostate include medications that relax the bladder or shrink the prostate, surgery, and minimally invasive surgery.
Common after pregnancy, incontinence occurs when urine leaks after exerting pressure on your bladder by coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising, or lifting something heavy.
Treatment: Treatments largely depend on the cause of your incontinence and your own preferences, but they may include medication, biofeedback, pelvic muscle exercises, vaginal inserts, electrical stimulation, and surgery.
A kidney infection is a common type of urinary tract infection that occurs when bacteria spreads to one of the kidneys. Symptoms include fever, lower back pain, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.
Treatment: Treatments include antibiotics, though severe cases often require hospitalization. Your doctor will likely recommend plenty of fluids to flush out the bacteria; rest; a heating pad on your back, belly, or side; and/or pain relievers.
Kidney stones are small ‘pebbles’ of salt and mineral in the urine. The most common symptoms include severe pain in the lower back, sides, and below the ribs.
Treatment: Most stones pass without medical intervention, but a medical procedure may be required to break up and/or remove larger kidney stones.